New Features in Windows Server 2012
The last couple of days I have been testing the new Windows server 2012 Operating System from Microsoft. As you maybe already know it is built on the same code platform as Windows 8 also introducing Tiles instead of the classic desktop from earlier editions of Windows Server. Just like in Windows 8 the classic desktop is still there, but the Start Menu has gone. If you want to test it yourself you can Download a free 180 days evaluation copy of Windows Server 2012 For my test environment I use VMware Player to create a virtual server on top of my Windows 7 Installation.
These are the new features in Windows server 2012 I will cover below:
- New Active Directory Administrative Center
- DCPromo relocated to the Server Manager
- Only 2 Editions available (Standard and Datacenter)
- Internet Information Services 8.0 (IIS8)
- New version of Hyper-V
- Support of ReFS FileSystem (Resilient File System)
New Active Directory Administrative Center
One of the first new features I came across after installing Active Directory on my test server was the Active Directory Administrative Center. It is installed automatically, when you promote a server to a domain controller and is kind if the new place to go for user administration. If you prefer to use the old Active Directory Users and Computers it is still there.
DCPromo had been relocated to the Server Manager
When I was trying to promote my test server to a domain controller I noticed that the normal dcpromo.exe command has been relocated to a new wizard inside the server manager. The entire process of installing AD and promoting a server to Domain Controller can now be done via a GUI wizard. The dcpromo.exe command is still there, in case you need to make an unattended installation.
Only 2 Editions (Standard and Datacenter)
The new Windows Server 2012 is at this moment only available in a Standard and a Datacenter edition. In compare Windows 2008 was available in 6 different editions. It seems like Microsoft wanted to simplify the whole thing with just 2 editions. I think that a lot of people are going to miss the cheaper web edition that was introduced in Windows server 2008.
Internet Information Services 8.0 (IIS8)
Windows Server 2012 includes the new Internet Information Services 8.0. The new IIS8 has a lot of new cool features under the hood. One of them is Dynamic IP address filtering. With this feature you can dynamically configure your server to block access for IP addresses that exceed the specified number of requests. A similar solution is available for FTP, with FTP Logon Attempt Restrictions. With this built-in feature it is now a lot easier to prevent brute-force attacks on your server.
New improved version of Hyper-V
With Windows Server 2012 there is also a new Hyper-V. Unfortunately I have not been able to install it in my test environment, because I am already running this server on a virtual platform (VMware Player). Some of the thinks that has been upgraded with this new version is support for larger installations. With the new Hyper-V server it can manage up to 320 logical processors and 4 terabytes of RAM; the virtual hosts running within the hypervisor can be configured with up to 64 virtual processors and a terabyte of RAM, and virtual disks can be configured to sizes ranging up to 64 terabytes (thanks to the new VHXD format for virtual drives, introduced in Server 2012). A single instance of Hyper-V can run up to 1,024 active virtual machines. As in earlier versions Hyper-V is free when you have first bought your Windows Server 2012.
Support of ReFS FileSystem (Resilient File System)
Windows Server 2012 supports a new FileSystem called ReFS. ReFS are the next generation of the old NTFS and support many of the same features. ReFS are resilient to various types of failures than NTFS. When it updates a file it writes the date to a new part of the disk instead of overwriting the old data. In case of a power failure you will not lose any data. Unfortunately, ReFS isn’t suitable for all situations. It cannot be used on boot devices or removable devices and it does not support EFS and compression of your files as NTFS does.
Windows Server 2012 System Requirements
- 1.4 GHz 64-bit processor
- 512 MB RAM
- 32 GB Disk Space
- Super VGA (800 x 600)
- DVD drive for installation
Screenshots of some of the new features in Windows Server 2012:
I hope you enjoyed this little intro to Windows Server 2012 and I would love if you will drop me a comment below.